Laser skin rejuvenation: the main features of the procedure

Even perfect skin ages over time. This process is inevitable and makes us look for new and new ways to return to youth. Among them, laser rejuvenation occupies a proud place. Hardware cosmetic procedures based on the use of laser have existed for more than a decade and have proven to be the best. They deal with age-related changes as well as skin defects.

Laser rejuvenation - what is it?

This method of rejuvenation is non-surgical and the effect of its use is achieved quickly enough. The whole course consists of several procedures, but after the first you can see the results.

This type of rejuvenation is based on the principle of using laser beams, the flow of which, using a hardware system designed for the procedure, is directed to individual areas of the skin. After such exposure of the skin, changes begin to appear.

Old and damaged cells eventually die under the action of the laser and, conversely, it has a positive effect on young cells. Under the action of laser beams, they, firstly, actively separate, and secondly, release collagen and elastin - proteins that are responsible for the youth of the skin. As a result, the cell tissue is renewed.

Depending on the degree of sensitivity, an anesthetic gel is applied to the laser exposure area before the procedure.

Thanks to this procedure you can even deal with deep wrinkles, as well as pigmentation and enlarged pores, even out the surface of the skin and complexion, significantly reduce bags and dark circles under the eyes, make the skin more elastic and make the face oval. tight.

facial skin before and after laser rejuvenation

Even after the first laser procedures, the skin becomes smoother and firmer.

Types of laser skin rejuvenation

The procedure for laser exposure of the skin is based on the same principles, but at the same time there are variations. In any case, the characteristics of its implementation will differ from each other.

Fractional photothermolysis

It got its name from the division of the laser beam acting on local areas of the skin into individual beams of smaller diameter. This method is called fractionation. Its essence is that the laser does not act on each cell in the treated area, but on the areas alternating in a certain order. This method is considered the most optimal for achieving results.

The effect of split (fractionated) beam is most gentle compared to the effect of undivided beams, as not the entire surface of the skin receives micro-combustion from the laser, but only its individual areas, which subsequently form a mesh frame. This is quite enough to achieve the desired result. There are two types of photothermolysis: ablative and non-ablative.

Ablative (ablative method of rejuvenation)

For this type of laser action, carbon dioxide and erbium lasers are used, the wavelength of which can be up to 10600 nm. The upper layer of the skin (epidermis) has the ability to absorb laser waves of carbon dioxide, as a result of which the effect is manifested mainly on the upper layers of the skin. This procedure is suitable for skin with superficial changes (fine wrinkles, pigmentation, first age-related changes).

Non-ablative (non-ablative)

In this case, lasers with different properties are used - diode (wavelength reaches 800 nm). Such rays do not affect the epidermis, but pass through it unimpeded. The result is an effect on the deep layers of the skin, while the upper ones are not affected. This procedure is suitable for skin with more severe changes and defects (strong pigmentation, deep wrinkles).

In ablative rejuvenation, the laser beam acts not only on the deep layers of the skin, but also on the surface. When not ablative, the laser penetrates deep into the tissue without damaging the skin surface.

Laser carbon peeling

A multifunctional procedure that combines several directions of influence simultaneously. In addition to laser exposure, carbon peels have a photorejuvenating effect. The principle of operation is based on the use of a carbon gel containing carbon dioxide particles and subsequent exposure to laser beams.

laser skin rejuvenation

Carbon peels are considered to be one of the most effective methods for cleansing and improving the condition of the skin.

The procedure consists of two stages. First, the gel applied to the skin penetrates deep tissues, where it binds dead cells as well as other unnecessary contaminants. In the second stage, the final cleansing of all layers of the skin is performed by laser exposure (laser photothermolysis).

Carbon peels are an excellent remedy not only for age-related changes, but also for skin imperfections. For example, it can be successfully used to remove acne.

DOT rejuvenation

Dermal optical thermolysis is a laser cosmetic procedure that has existed for more than a decade and has proven to be a good thing. It is performed on specialized devices and is a type of fractional photothermolysis.

DOT is one of the few technologies that can significantly reduce the severity of scars and stretch marks.

Great for areas with thin, rapidly aging skin, such as the neck and décolleté. Fights scars, scars and stretch marks.

Laser biorevitalization

Qualitatively different from injection. Its essence, as in the case of injection, consists in the introduction of hyaluronic acid under the skin, but this is done with the help of a diode laser, the so-called laser phoresis.

The use of a laser helps to achieve a deeper penetration of hyaluronic acid under the skin, as a result of which this particular method of biorevitalization gives excellent results. Suitable for skin with early age-related changes and shallow wrinkles.

Pros and cons of laser rejuvenation

Currently, the laser occupies a strong position among the methods for restoring and preserving the youth of the skin of the face and body. This is not surprising because it has a number of advantages over other methods and allows you to combine the principles of safety and effectiveness. The following advantages can be highlighted:

  • the ability to achieve a long-term result that can last up to 7 years;
  • absolute safety;
  • relatively non-traumatic nature of the procedure, which means that no preparation of the drug and subsequent therapy is required;
  • almost complete absence of side effects, which are extremely rare and are associated exclusively with individual characteristics;
  • minimum time allotted for the procedure.
  • bonus in the form of improvement of the general condition of the skin: the vascular network is corrected, the amount of acne is reduced, the pores are narrowed.

However, this procedure has a number of disadvantages, which usually occur during laser photothermolysis as the most intensive laser procedure in terms of skin exposure:

  • external negative changes after the procedure: swelling, redness, scaly areas, which in some cases can last up to two weeks;
  • skin discomfort, pain in the first days and hypersensitivity for 1-2 months;
  • persistent skin pigmentation (if there is such a predisposition);
  • ban on staying in direct sunlight for 2-3 weeks after laser exposure.

Is the laser suitable for face, neck, hands?

This procedure can be performed not only on the face, but also in almost any area of the body. Clinics offering rejuvenating services, as a rule, in the absence of contraindications do not restrict their clients in choosing the place of exposure. At the same time, areas with thin skin can also be subjected to laser rejuvenation: the hands, the area around the eyes, including the eyelids, and the neck area. Recently, the plastic of the intimate area has become popular. But the leaders are still open areas: face, neck and décolleté.

Indications for non-surgical facelift

The laser as a tool with a broad spectrum of action will help against the following diseases:

  • fine wrinkles;
  • age-related skin changes, deep wrinkles;
  • loss of skin elasticity;
  • age-related changes in the oval of the face;
  • bags and dark circles under the eyes;
  • the initial stages of eyelid relaxation;
  • sagging skin;
  • the presence of age spots;
  • acne and post-acne;
  • enlarged pores;
  • sebaceous gland disorders, excessive oily skin.

Contraindications

As for contraindications, they include:

  • any damage to the skin in the area of the planned impact, including inflammatory processes;
  • neoplasms, moles;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • sunburn of the skin in the affected area or a visit to the solarium for a period of two weeks before the laser rejuvenation procedure;
  • performing cosmetic manipulations on the skin in the affected area for less than a month, including chemical peeling;
  • dermatitis and allergic reactions;
  • diabetes;
  • acute inflammatory diseases of the body or chronic - during exacerbation;
  • epilepsy;
  • oncology.

In addition, you should be aware of the side effects after the procedure in the form of swelling, itching, skin irritation and redness. They last up to two weeks. The degree of intensity depends on the individual characteristics of the skin and the whole organism.

How does the procedure work?

This procedure consists of several stages.

  1. Prepare the skin in advance. Provides skin care for at least 2 weeks before laser exposure. It is performed independently and is reduced to a gentle regimen: exclusion of aggressive cosmetic procedures (peels), refusal to visit the solarium or stay in the open sun. During this period you can use special tools recommended by the specialist who will perform the procedure. For example, these may be placental drugs to enhance the effect of the laser. But taking blood-thinning drugs (aspirin, etc. ) should be discarded.
  2. Skin cleansing. It is already performed in the cosmetology office to avoid infection.
  3. preparation for laser skin rejuvenation
  4. Anesthesia. It is performed by local non-injection method. Special painkillers are applied to the skin. The effect of their application lasts 30-60 minutes.
  5. Laser exposure. It is performed by a specialist on pre-selected areas of the skin. The duration of exposure depends on the area to be treated. On average, this takes 10 to 60 minutes.
  6. Disinfectant. In order to disinfect, the skin is treated with antibacterial drugs of the specialist's choice.
  7. Applying a revitalizing cream with antibacterial effect.
  8. Rehabilitation. As a rule, it is not performed by a specialist in the clinic, but independently. In this case, after passing the procedure, it is necessary to receive recommendations for rehabilitation measures. These usually include limiting water treatments and using anti-burn creams.

On the Internet you can find offers for the purchase of laser devices designed for rejuvenation at home. When using them, the algorithm of the procedures is significantly simplified. But at the same time the effect will not be as impressive as from the procedure performed on a professional device in the clinic. The fact is that such a home device has a very low power, making it absolutely safe to use it alone.

On the one hand, this will help to avoid burns and side effects that are observed after laser rejuvenation with the help of professional equipment. But, on the other hand, the laser for home use is several times weaker and can not cope with deep wrinkles, scars and other noticeable defects. At the same time it is able to increase skin tone and remove fine lines and the first changes associated with age.

Course duration

Laser exposure, among its other advantages, attracts the speed of the result. It can be observed after the first procedure. When the swelling and redness subside, it becomes clear that the skin is smoother and firmer. However, this is not enough to achieve an obvious and lasting result. In general, it is necessary to perform a set of procedures, at least three or four.

The exact number of procedures is determined based on the characteristics of the skin.

It is necessary to take breaks between procedures so that the skin has time to fully recover. As a rule, the interval is from 1 to 6 months, depending on the purpose of the laser application and the developed individual program. This time is quite enough for healing and preparation for the next procedure.

When using a laser for rejuvenation, you must be extremely careful and be prepared for side effects that occur immediately after laser exposure. However, once the skin has recovered, impressive results can be seen. The complexity of the procedure pays off in its effectiveness. That is why, despite the temporary discomfort, the laser rejuvenation method has so many fans.